Archive by Author

If Houses could speak – MacWilliams

Recently, on one of our Sunday drives we spotted this abandoned property on the side of the road, a house, a well-built barn, a shed and a garage. It would not be fit to live in, but yet it is well preserved still standing straight (mostly) and tall.  Telling a story of people farming, making a living, living off the land.
It sparked my curiosity. Who built this once stately house? What is their story? Where did they come from, and where have they gone?
We were in Lot 8 – PEI – on route 14 – Hamilton Road close to the intersection with route 164 – Hebron Road.
Google Maps gave us these images:
With that information we consulted our old PEI Maps:
Atlas of Province of Prince Edward Island, Canada (published by the Cummins Map Co. – 1928)
Illustrated Historical Atlas of the the Province of Prince Edward Island (by J. H. Meacham & Co. – 1880)
In the 1880 Meacham Atlas we find this land belonging to William MacWilliams, a farmer, who is also listed as the owner of a saw & shingle mill. It also gives additional information: he was born on PEI, settled in 1825 (birth date??). We also find J. J. MacWilliams as a millwright and farmer who settled in 1858 (birth year??)
_______________________________________________________________________________
The Story starts with David MacWilliams, born about 1761 in Caithness, Scotland, the son of David MacWilliams. It appears that he came here with his parents and sisters in 1772 with other Scottish settlers. For a while the MacWilliams family lived in Covehead  and settled on the Tryon Point Road on the Creek Farm. On Feb. 12, 1784 he married Theresa (Tracy) Mutard(Muttart) in Tryon Point, at that time known as Coffin’s village, by Rev. Desbrisay. She was born in March 1766 in Bellechasse, QC, the daughter of Balthazar Moutarde/Muttart and Marguerite Holleri.
Tracy was Roman Catholic, David was a Presbyterian, and before they were married, they had agreed that Tracy would take the girls and David would take the boys to their respective churches. Tracy was understandably annoyed when she bore 5 sons in succession (James, Joseph, David, George, John) Eventually a daughter, Margaret was born. It is then that Theresa left David  refusing to bear any more sons. She took their daughter, and moved to Big Clear with her sister Sophia McInnis, where she raised Margaret in the Catholic religion. There are no records of divorce.
She died abt. 1838 in Dunblane (at son James’ farm), Lot 8, Prince and is buried at the Immaculate Conception Church Cemetery in Brae.
David, a farmer by trade, moved from the Creek Farm to the Crossroads and took a section of land between Tryon and North Tryon in order to provide farms for his sons. It was here the sons lived until they moved to Western PEI.
David died abt. 22 Oct 1818 in Tryon (2 mi W of Crapaud), Lot 28, Prince Co., PEI, Canada (Tryon People’s Cemetery).
Son James MacWilliams who was born around 1785 in Tryon (2 mi W of Crapaud), Lot 28, and died 01 Dec 1864 in Millburn, Lot 9, Prince County and was buried at the West Cape Presbyterian Church Cemetery. James was a miller, he operated a saw and grist mill at Milburn, Lot 8, several miles inland at the Big Pierre Jacques River which runs in from Egmont Bay between Glenwood and Hebron. He married Margaret Leard bef. 1806 in Tryon, Lot 28, daughter of Samuel Leard and Margaret Rogers. She was born 1787 in Tryon and died there on 24 Aug 1842 and is buried at the Tryon People’s Cemetery. James and Margaret lived on the Crossroad and then moved to Millburn, Lot 8, where James built a mill.
They had 11 children Joseph MacWilliams (1806-1894), Margaret MacWilliams (1812-1885), James MacWilliams,
John MacWilliams (1819-1884), Samuel MacWilliams (1820-1911), Agnes MacWilliams (1822-1823), Ann MacWilliams (1823-1903), William Bramford MacWilliams (1824-1919), George Miller MacWilliams (1825-1905), Stephen MacWilliams (1831-1899), Elizabeth MacWilliams (1839-1920)
William Bramford MacWilliams was born 1824 in Tryon. The 1880 Atlas lists him on Hamilton Road, Lot 8, as an owner of Saw & Shingle Mill and farmer. On 27 Aug 1847 he married Mary Grace Boulter, daughter of Henry Oliver Boulter and Maria Gard. She was born 04 May 1829 in Bedeque, Lot 26 and died 27 Mar 1905. She is buried at the Millburn West United Church Cemetery
After the death of her father, Mary Grace received 200 acres of land in her father’s will.
Their children were Theodore MacWilliams, Adolphus MacWilliams, Lorena MacWilliams (1852), John James MacWilliams born 11 Feb. 1857,
Seymour A. MacWilliams b. 1859, William Allison MacWilliams b. 1868, Maria Jane (abt. 1865 – May 30 1919)
After the death of William’s daughter Maria Jane, the newspaper The Pioneer, June 7, 1919 described it the following:
Mrs. Alonzo Boulter (nee Maria MacWilliams)
“There passed away at her residence at Milburn on Friday, May 30th, Mrs. Maria Boulter, the widow of the late Alonzo Boulter, who passed away last year. And a year previous her daughter passed away. The deceased was the daughter of Mr. Wm. McWilliams Sr., who is 95 years of age and who attended the funeral service of his daughter. The old gentleman, feeling the parting very much, made a sad sight as he stood by the casket.
The deceased, aged 53 years and 10 months, leaves a son Levi and a daughter May to miss her tender care. In addition, the following brothers are left: John J., Seymour, Theodore, Adolphus and William A.; also one sister, Mrs. A. Betts of Glenwood.
Mrs. Boulter, who was a member of the Methodist Church, was a much respected lady, hence on Sunday morning a large number of people came from all around to attend the funeral service which was led by the Rev. R. Brodie. After a brief service in the home of the deceased the casket was taken to the Methodist Church at Milburn, which was overcrowded, where the following hymns were sung: “Asleep in Jesus,” “O God Our Help” and “Rock of Ages,” while Misses May and Hazel sweetly sang “Shall We Gather At The River”. After a most solemn service the remains were laid in the little cemetery adjoining the church. The pallbearers were Messrs. George Wedlock, G. Thomas, James Silliker, W. H. Boulter, Alvin Boulter and Wm. Dyment.”
William himself passed away 4 months later, on Sept. 5, 1919 in Milburn, Lot 9, Prince County and was buried at the Millburn West United Church Cemetery
  ~ Agriculturalist    20 Sept. 1919 ~ 
“The death occurred on Friday Sept. 5th, at his home at Milburn, of Wm. McWilliams, one of the most respected residents of the district. Deceased, who in recent years had been an intense sufferer, had reached the great age of 96, and in his passing the pioneers of this productive Island lose one of their staunchest comrades. Interment took place on Sunday. The funeral service held in Milburn Methodist Church was conducted by Rev. G. Ernest Whitham and the large gathering present was a fitting tribute to the high esteem in which the deceased was held. The remains were laid to rest in the family lot.”
“The death occurred at his home at Milburn of Mr. William McWilliams, one of the oldest and most respected residents of this county. Deceased, who during the latter months suffered intensely, passed away quietly on Friday, Sept. 5th. The funeral, which was one of the largest ever held in the district, took place on Sunday. The service, which was held in the Methodist Church, was conducted by the Rev. J. E. Whitham. Interment took place in the family plot.
Deceased leaves to mourn one sister, Mrs. N. Boulter, four sons, Seymour, William, Theodore and Adolphus, and one daughter, Mrs. Amasa Betts of Glenwood.”


( I do not know, why son John J. was not mentioned in the obituary. He is clearly listed in his sister’s death notice 4 month earlier. Maybe just an oversight)

John James (J.J.) MacWilliams was born on 11 Feb 1857 in Bedeque, Lot 26. He died on 3 Nov 1946 and was interred in the Millburn West United Church Cemetery
He married Minnie MacDonald on 11 Aug 1879 in Summerside, Lot 17, PEI. Minnie MacDonald was born in 1859. Died in 1882. Buried in Milburn West United Church Cemetery.
They had the following children:
William N “Bill” MacWilliams (b. 07 Sep 1879 – 1930)
Johnson MacWilliams (09 Dec 1882 – 1939)
Minnie died soon after the birth of Johnson, at the age of 23 – I assume in childbirth, or complication thereof.
John James remarried about 2 years later to Caroline Clements in 1884, daughter of Felicien Clements and Jane Currie.
She was born 25 Mar 1868 in Indian Point, (Hebron, Lot 9) and died 02 Oct 1939. She is also buried Millburn West United Church Cemetery.
Children of J.J. MacWilliams and Caroline Clements are:
Allison Milburn MacWilliams (25 May 1886, Millburn, Lot 9 –  14 Nov 1976) (Dunblane West Point Presbyterian Church Cemetery
John James MacWilliams (28 Sep 1887 – 1889,  Millburn West, Lot 9 )  (Millburn West United Church Cemetery)
Infant MacWilliams (05 Oct 1888, Millburn West, Lot 9)        (Millburn West United Church Cemetery)
Clarence Davis MacWilliams (01 Nov 1890, Millburn, Lot 9 – 19 Jun 1967) (Millburn West United Church Cemetery)
Sarah May (Sadie) MacWilliams (05 Oct 1894, Millburn, Lot 9 – aft. Oct 1994)
These are the facts, I know where they came from, but I do not know where they went.
I assume, that the house was built either by William Bramford MacWilliams, or by his son John James. His sons, Allison, John and Clarence seem to stay in the area, but unsure which one, if any, took over the family farm.
Who was the last family to reside in this home? Who owns it now?
What I am sure of,  that this place has served its purpose for many years – a home for those that were born in it, grew up in it, lived in it and even died in it. A farm that provided for the needs of many families, a farm that required many long days of hard labour.
It will further dilapidate, deteriorate, and fall into ruin until there will be nothing left.
But for now these temporary structures are a testament to the hard work, accomplishments and endeavors of the MacWilliams families and we know that they were there.
 
My great PEI resources:
Island Lives – Remember Yesterday – A history of North Tryon, PEI 1769-1992
Island Lives – A History of Tryon – Muttart Family
TWO LISTS OF INTENDING PASSENGERS TO THE NEW WORLD, 1770 AND 1771
PEIancestry.com
Island Register
The Descendants of David M’Williams and Theresa Muttart
The Descendants of Duncan McWilliams and Christian Downie
The Descendants of Henry Oliver Boulter and Maria Gard
PEI Archives – PARO
Family Search
Ancestry.ca
1881 Canada Census – Ancestry

The Sad Story a Stone Can Tell – Ella Nelson

As I was doing some research, I came upon this grave marker at the Riverside Cemetery, Wallace RiverCumberland CountyNova Scotia, Canada.
The story of Ella Morton Nelson(Purdy), read from a stone – a marker to remind us that there was life.
This stone, like all other stones in every cemetery, tells a story.
A baby, unnamed, was born and died in 1895.
Son Carlson G. dies in 1904, at the age of 11 – cause unknown.

Son Richard died on November 29, 1912 at the age of 27 from acute nephritis. He was sick for 10 weeks, developed an edema of the lungs and died.
Son Walter R. died February 29,1918 at the age of 17. It states that he was Highland Hospital in Amherst N.S and died there, from Paralysis.
Husband and father Arthur Nelson, a farmer, died November 14, 1918 in Hartford, Cumberland County, NS. He suffered from acute rheumatism with toxaemia, and after 6 days in the hospital he passed away at the age of 56.
Daughter Mona A. died November 12,1921 at the age of 34. She was single, lived at home and died of bowel obstruction.
Surviving son Noel B. continued to farm, staid unmarried and died at the age of 52, on March 16th, 1951, being struck down by Influenza A, after 3 days developed Broncho-Pneumonia and 2 days later passed away.
Wife and mother Ella Morton Nelson survived them all, living to a ripe old age of 96. She died January 6th,1956 from cerebral haemorrhage and arteriosclerosis.
These are just the facts I gathered. My mind can not even imagine the untold stories surrounding this family, the pain, the loss, ….
At the same time, this stone does not tell about the good times these men and women may have had.
There was a glimmer of hope, as I searched this family in the Canadian Census(1891,1901, 1911 and 1921),I realized there were 3 more children (Sadie-1890, Ernest-1896 and Eva, born in 1904).
I did find them, in close proximity in the same cemetery.It was good to know,that when Ella Nelson died at the age of 96, she was not alone – that she still was surrounded by some of her living children. A comforting thought.

All this information was found online, from the comfort of my couch. 🙂
Canadian Census  1891,1901, 1911 and 1921
Nova Scotia Historical Vital Statistics

Find A Grave

My Genealogy Wall

My Genealogy Wall

Many years ago I created a genealogy wall, with the images of ancestors, that I have a photographs of. I do not use the original photos 
that I have , since they would be damaged by the sun, but have scanned them into the computer and printed copies of the photos.
I used the smaller size clipboards and painted them with chalkboard paint.
I created labels so the pictures can be easily identified by others and
hung them in family tree formation.
My genealogy wall is often a conversation piece to those that visit our home. 
I do not have all the photos, but I have added over the years, by connecting with family through the internet, and family tree websites.
Maybe in future years I can fill in some of the gaps.

The Good Old Days?

Were those really the ‘good old days’?

The other day I took our daughter to outpatients, because she had a red line on her arm – which went from a small scratch on her palm to half way up her upper arm.
By googling the problem, we had already determined that she had “Lymphangitis”, and that she was in need of antibiotics.
When we arrived at the hospital the anticipated waiting time posted was 9-10 hours. This seemed like a long time, an inconvenience – but we knew we needed the medication, because I did not want her to have blood poisoning as a result of the lymphangitis.
After an 8 hour wait, 5 minutes to see the doctor, a diagnosis of lymphangitis and  a prescription for antibiotics, we went home.  The issue cleared up within a few days, and there were no reminders of the problem.
I did not think of it again, until I read an account this story from
the Diary of Janie LePage Parkman, who was born in 1903, in Rustico, PEI.
As written by Janie:

“Janie Gladys (who was her daughter, born in 1929), when she was only 6 years old and started to school , she hit her toe on a stone, it was only a small cut and it healed up, but apparently there was pus underneath the cut, and she came from school limping, but we could not see anything wrong with her toe. Then she started holding her leg up and could not put it down. So we called our doctor, then was Mellish. He said it was Lymphangitis, caused from pus under the toe, and it gathered in under the back of her knee swelled awful, and turned into blood poison. It had to be lanced three times. We had to keep her in bed, and keep hot flannel pads around her leg for 6 weeks. The pads had to be wrung out of almost boiling water and put around her leg. How she ever stood it I will never know. But I know her leg was almost cooked for a while. The doctor came every day. The pus that was gathered there was dark green, doctor scooped it out with a little ladle. She was out of school six months. Then, after she got better she wouldn’t straighten her leg out, so we had to keep massaging her leg and finally we got it straightened out.”


The only thing good in this story is, that the doctor came in every day and made house calls.
I only had to wait for 8 hours, and that was the end of the story.
For Janie it was a 6 month ordeal – probably heart wrenching, having to place boiling pads on your child – causing a lot of pain.
So let us be thankful for today.
Yes, the “Good Old Days” were much simpler,
but were they really better??

Off to Australia – A Mystery of a Different Kind – Part 4

Another piece of history has found a home.
This week I received an e-mail that said:

Hi Elisabeth,

I am interested in the book How To Be Always Well on your webpage https://www.scrapbookyourfamilytree.com/a-mystery-of-a-different-kind-part-1/
I am the great-grandson of Neil Simpson. My mother’s mother, Evelyn (Simpson) MacKechnie was the daughter of Neil. The family had moved to Vancouver, BC before she was born and they made several trips back to PEI. My grandmother was born in Cavendish in PEI on one of the return trips.
My grandmother married Dr Hugh Alexander MacKechnie in Vancouver, where my mother, Margaret and her brother (my uncle) were born. My mother immigrated to Sydney, Australia and married my father, Leonhard , who had immigrated from Germany. My father passed away in August. My mother and I still live in Sydney, Australia.
Note that my Mum is Anne with an e. She feels very connected with “Anne of Green Gables” as Neil and Lucy Maud Montgomery used to sit close together in school. They were cousins.
My grandmother made several contributions to the archives in Charlottetown.
I visited PEI in 2010, I went to the archives. I tried to find a porcupine box that my grandmother had left there but the archivists could not find it. I also tried to find the location of William Simpson’s original log cabin near Cavendish. I have many relatives still living in PEI and across Canada.
If you still have the book and are willing to part with it I would love to have a piece of family history. My brother is also very interested in our family history.

Kind Regards,
John
So I packed up the book, and it is now on a journey across the continent – where I hope Neil Simpson’s family will be enriched by the wisdom he left behind.

Wightman Point or St. Andrew’s Point Pioneer Cemetery

St. Andrew’s Point Pioneer Cemetery
or
Wightman Point Pioneer Cemetery

One of the quaintest and peaceful cemeteries I have ever visited was the Wightman Point Pioneer Cemetery. It is located on a point of land in Lower Montague, King’s County, PEI, just off the St. Andrew’s Point Day Park – across the bay from Panmure Island. It has an entrance gate and is located near the shore in a treed area. There are only five remaining headstones as well as several worn sandstone markers. The site has endured coastal erosion and a section of it has disappeared. Many of the gravestone remnants were of a red sandstone and have become totally illegible over the past 200 years.

A section of this 213-years old cemetery has already disappeared due to erosion Bones exposed in historic cemetery investigated

John Wightman and Margaret Ray Armstrong

In 1821, John Wightman and his wife, Margaret and their family emigrated from Hoddam in Dumfries, Scotland. Their son, the Hon. Joseph Wightman (1806-1887) would be a major business and political figure in the area, serving as High Sheriff of Kings County. Two of his sons were killed in action in the American Civil War – one lies next to his grandparents, James Wightman.
The Grave stone describes John as a Loving husband , a kind parent who leaves a wife, son and a daughter to mourn the sad loss of one esteemed by all who knew him.
Margaret’s Grave stone describes her; “During her sojourn here she was exemplary in her charity to the poor and bore the character of a good Christian virtuous wife and loving mother and leaves her relatives to mourn their bereavement”.

Dr. James Wightman

Graduated from Harvard Medical School in 1862. He was the assistant surgeon to the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry during the U.S. Civil War – part of the Union army – fought against slavery. According to (The record of the Second Massachusetts Infantry, 1861-65) a faithful man, assistant surgeon to work himself to death in a few weeks. He contracted typhoid and died on June 16, 1863 in the Armoury Hospital in Washington, D.C. His remains were sent back to the Island.

Neil Mackinnon

Neil MacKinnon (1829-1858), the son of

Angus and Mary MacKinnon

of Sturgeon PEI was drowned at sea

Drowned at sea t age of 28

 

 

 

 

James Young

James was born January 23, 1790 Prince Edward Island to David Young
and Elizabeth Rae Young.
His father David was born in Scotland, moved to PEI in 1785 and received 200 acres of wilderness. He served in the Revolutionary War in New York. James, who was a Constable and a Three Rivers Farmer died September 1876. He. Among other crops he also grew 500 bushels of potatoes. He married Bridget O’Brien, a Catholic whom came from Ireland in 1809. He belonged to the Church of Scotland. So she converted to the Church of Scotland (Source: Steve Young), so they cold get married.
(http://www.islandregister.com/young1.html)

Job Creed

The story of Job Creed, the son of William Creed and Elizabeth Prince, a direct descendent of William Brewster, the leader of the Mayflower Expedition; an Anglican who wanted to get married to Mary Thistle, a Catholic born in Ireland, much to his father’s dislike.
His father, a wealthy man, threatened to cut off his son’s inheritance “without a shillin'” if he married a Catholic.
That did not seem deter Job Creed, because he married her anyway and they lived very happily together and raised a large family.
Job was a very talented man, he was a lay preacher in the English Church at Georgetown, and performed many funerals. He is buried near his mother’s grave and it cannot be found today.
Mary is buried across the bay in the Panmure Island cemetery, and Job is buried in the cemetery at Wightmans Point. Since being of different religions, they could not be buried in the same cemetery. They requested to be facing each other in their different cemeteries., a bay separating them.

The earliest known grave in this cemetery is that of John Aitken (1729-1799). His stone is legible and enclosed by a fence.
His name should really have been Job.
He came to Canada aboard the “Lovely Nelly” which departed Dumfries, Scotland in 1775. With him were his wife, Margaret (Lowden) Aitken and their two sons and two daughters. He was listed on the ship’s register as a “labourer” who was leaving “to provide for his family a better livelihood.” They decided to settle near Three Rivers, where John bought his first 100 acres. “He bought a quantity of supplies which would have seen them through the first winter . . .
But in this year occurred an invasion of mice which destroyed everything in the houses as well as in the fields, even the potatoes planted in the ground.” (Wellwood Waugh).
A second catastrophe followed in the fall of 1775. American fishermen broke into the building where Aiken’s supplies were kept and made off with everything. The ship that was to bring additional supplies was lost at sea and they were forced to dig through four feet of ice for clams to keep from starving.
Since their cattle kept wondering off and getting lost in the woods, they then moved to Panmure Island (adjacent to Cardigan Bay) only to find that at low tide the cattle still strayed, so they eventually returned to their first location. His daughter Agnes died crossing the ice to Lower Montague and froze to death during a storm, coming home from visiting friends. She was the first to be buried in the Panmure Island cemetery.
John himself died in 1799 (the year in which St. Johns Island was renamed Prince Edward Island) and was buried at St. Andrew’s Point where his grave was marked by a rudely cut slab of Island sandstone. It has been told that a well cut stone was prepared in Scotland, UK in his memory but the ship bringing it over was lost at sea.              (http/www.islandregister.com/aitken.html)

 

My DNA Test

I was always a bit hesitant to take a DNA test, because then my information would be somewhere in the system.
My children gifted me with an Ancestry DNA kit for Christmas and I told my family, that they better behave and abstain from criminal activity – because my DNA is somewhere.
The box contained the test tube, a preservative vial, plastic envelope and a postage paid box to return the test.
An instruction booklet was also included.

  • Don’t eat or drink 30 minutes before providing the sample.
  • Register the code on the tube online at Ancestry and you can link it up to your online family tree – or wait with that until later.
  • Spit into the test tube up to the mark on the test tube. (This sounded easy enough but it took quite a bit of spit to fill the test tube to the mark)
  • The vial that contains the preservative screws into the top of the test tube and you can see that it is water tight because the blue preservative releases and mixes in with the sample when you shake it for 5 seconds.
  • Place the test tube into the provided plastic bag, place it into the provided box, seal and post.

And then you wait for the emailed results which can take anywhere between 8 – 10 weeks.
I have been researching my ancestry for a long time, and all my ancestors originated in Friesland, a province of the Netherlands.
So, my expectations from a DNA test, are all European.

 


The Acadians

Acadians at Annapolis Royal by Samuel Scott, 1751, earliest image of Acadians; the only pre-deportation image of Acadians

A very sad chapter in Canadian History is the story of the Acadians –
a story similar to that of the Jews in the Second World War.
I was unaware of this whole story, until I researched the ancestors of one of my friends.
The Acadians, descendants of French colonists who in settled Acadia during the 17th and 18th centuries, were a hard working people who came to Canada (before it was Canada) to search for a new home. They carved out a living for themselves,farming land reclaimed from the sea through diking. The colony was located in what is now Eastern Canada’s Maritime provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island), as well as part of Quebec, and present-day Maine to the Kennebec River. Although today most of the Acadians and Québécois are French-speaking (francophone) Canadians, Acadia was a distinctly separate colony of New France. It was geographically and administratively separate from the French colony of Canada (modern-day Quebec). As a result, the Acadians and Québécois developed two distinct histories and cultures.
The settlers whose descendants became Acadians came from many areas in France, but especially regions such as
Île-de France, Normandy, Brittany, Poitou and Aquitaine.
During the French and Indian War (the North American theater of the Seven Years’ War), British colonial officers suspected Acadians were aligned with France after finding some Acadians fighting alongside French troops at Fort Beausejour. Though most Acadians remained neutral during the French and Indian War, the British, together with New England legislators and militia, carried out the Great Expulsion (Le Grand Dérangement) of the Acadians during the 1755–1764 period.
They deported approximately 11,500 Acadians from the maritime region. They were expelled, their lands and property confiscated, and in some cases their homes burned. Families were separated, Approximately one-third perished from disease and drowning (overcrowded, sinking ships) The result was what one historian described as an ethnic cleansing of the Acadians from Maritime Canada. Other historians indicate that it was a deportation similar to other deportations of the time period.
Most Acadians were deported to various American colonies, where many were forced into servitude, or marginal lifestyles. Some Acadians were deported to England, sent to the Caribbean, and some were deported to France. After being expelled to France, many Acadians were eventually recruited by the Spanish government to migrate to present day Louisiana state where they developed what became known as Cajun culture.
In time, some Acadians returned to the Maritime provinces of Canada, mainly to New Brunswick because they were barred by the British from resettling their lands and villages in what became Nova Scotia.
Before the US Revolutionary War, the Crown settled New England Planters in former Acadian communities and farmland as well as Loyalists after the war (including nearly 3,000 Black Loyalists, who were freed slaves). British policy was to assimilate Acadians with the local populations where they resettled.

In 1847, American writer Henry Wadsworth Longfellow published Evangeline, an epic poem loosely based on the events surrounding the 1755 deportation. The poem became an American classic, and contributed to a rebirth of Acadian identity in both Maritime Canada and in Louisiana.

Some helpful links for you research:
Acadians & French-Canadians Ancestral Home which includes the Acadian Census Records

Acadian-Cajun Genealogy & History So many links to information about Acadian Life, surnames and a special section on the Hebert family.

I followed one family through the Acadian Census from 1671 – 1714.

It is interesting what kind of information if given in each. Several are mentioned how many guns were owned by a family, others how many armor bearers in the house. How many acres and how many of each animal; one even mentions how many fruit trees. I created a few charts to take all that information into an overseeable 3-page chart.

Deportation and New Settlement 1755–1810

A Crusader on the Family Tree

Sprengler CrestFrom the Bavarian region of Germany, Spangler (Spengler) was an occupational name for a maker of buckles, a derivative of a diminutive form of Middle High German spange, meaning clasp or buckle. Jordan’s family spans back to the 12th century to George, the earliest known Spangler (Spengler).
George was born in the year 1150. He served as the cupbearer to the Prince Bishop of Wurtzburg, Godfrey of Piesenburg, of the ecclesiastical principality of Wurtzburg. Godfrey of Piesenburg was also chancellor to German Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa.
Godfrey of Piesenburg and George Spengler joined the Third Crusades that started in 1189. The purpose of this crusade was to recapture Jerusalem from Saladin, the Saracen conqueror. The call to crusade was answered by Frederick I Barbarossa, French King Philip Augustus, and English King Richard the Lionheart.
However, on June 10, 1190, after two successful battlChurch of St. Peter, Antioch (in Turkey)es in Asia Minor, Frederick I Barbarossa drowned while crossing the Syrian river Calycadmus near Pisidia on horseback.  The emperor’s camp was then removed to Antioch, where he was temporarily buried.
Not long after, Godfrey of Piesenburg and George Spengler died in 1190 in Antioch, Turkey, succumbing to the black plague. They were buried in The Church of St. Peter. (The church, composed of a cave carved into the side Mount Starius, is one of Christianity’s oldest churches, built sometime in the 4th or 5th Centuries.)
History records that less than one in ten of those who crossed the Bosphorus  with Frederick I Barbarossa lived to reach Antioch.
from: The Spangler Progenitor

From George descends my son-in-law’s  paternal grandfather, 24 generations later:

George Spengler (1150 – 1190)
George Spengler, son of George
Killian Spengler (1270 – ), son of George
Killian Spengler (1320 – ), son of Killian
Peter Spengler, son of Killian
Hans Spengler (1390 – 1435), son of Peter
Hans Urban Spengler ( – 1527), son of Hans
George Spengler (1443 – 1496), son of Hans Urban
George Spengler (1480 – 1529), son of George
Franz Spengler (1517 – 1565), son of George
Lazarus Spengler (1552 – 1618), son of Franz
Hans Georg Spengler (1594 – 1685), son of Lazarus
Jacob Spengler (1618 – 1664), son of Hans Georg
Hans Rudolf Spengler (1657 – 1712), son of Jacob
Hans Casper Spangler (1684 – 1759), son of Hans Rudolf
and one of four Spangler brothers to emigrate to the New World

Jonas Spangler (1715 – 1762), son of Hans Casper
Rudolph Spangler (1750 – 1830), son of Jonas Caspar
Jacob Spangler (1776– 1847 ), son of Rudolph
Jacob Spangler (1812 – 1890), son of Jacob
Elijah Spangler (1844 – 1899), son of Jacob
Thomas Elbert Spangler (1883– 1965), son of Elijah
Lester Laverne Spangler (1918-2004), son of Thomas
Richard Laverne Spangler (1939-1989), son of Lester
Kelly, son of Richard
Jordan, son of Kelly

Spengler and the German immigrants settled in York Co. PA in the early to mid 1700s. In the 3rd generation the spelling was changed. Spengler means one who worked with lead and tin or a tinker.
Most of the information came from:

The annals of the families of Caspar, Henry, Baltzer and George Spengler

Read it online

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